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         Photosynthesis is a process that occurs in plants. By this process carbon dioxide and water are converted to oxygen and carbohydrates, which are fuels for animals as well as plants. Energy is required for photosynthesis to occur and sunlight is used as the energy. This is the reason why it is called photosynthesis. Scientists have worked very hard to produce fuels from carbon dioxide and water using sunlight as the energy by mimicking natural photosynthesis. Scientists have called such an artificial process as artificial photosynthesis.

           Despite the century-long great efforts scientists have made, artificial photosynthesis is still not in the hands of scientists. That much it is difficult. So it still remains as a dream. Considering that the natural photosynthesis is the outcome of over 3 billion years of evolution, we can conceive that it will be very difficult to develop artificial photosynthesis within a decade.

           However, the rate of global warming is increasing every year, causing rapid climate changes. It has already started giving human beings pain and will eventually threaten the mankind. All of this is caused by burning fossil fuels, causing the increase in concentration of carbon dioxide in the air. As a possible means to stop it, efforts have been directed at the replacement of fossil fuels with the renewable energy such as solar energy, hydroelectric power, wind mill, tidal electricity generation, geothermal energy, and bio fuels. Among these, solar energy is most affluent and promising.

           The conventional way to utilize solar energy is to convert it to electricity. However, electricity is not suitable as the energy for high capacity transportation vehicles such as aircrafts, ships, and trucks. Furthermore, it is difficult to store and storage requires heavy battery. Also storage is a very slow process. This is the reason why now scientists have to develop artificial photosynthesis.

           The Korea Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (KCAP) was established in Sogang University on September 30, 2009. Our intimate goal is to develop basic science which will enable artificial photosynthesis. Our final goal is to develop commercially viable artificial photosynthesis process. We also made a Memorandum of Understanding with the Helios-Solar Energy Research Center (SERC) in Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (LBNL), in U.S. on international collaboration.

           Many people have helped us to establish KCAP. I would like to take this opportunity to thank them all. I strongly believe that KCAP will have the honor to contribute to the welfare of human beings. It will also contribute to the Korean economy. We still need your strong support.