is a process that occurs in plants. By this process carbon dioxide and
water are converted to oxygen and carbohydrates, which are fuels for animals
as well as plants. Energy is required for photosynthesis to occur and
sunlight is used as the energy. This is the reason why it is called photosynthesis.
Scientists have worked very hard to produce fuels from carbon dioxide
and water using sunlight as the energy by mimicking natural photosynthesis.
Scientists have called such an artificial process as artificial photosynthesis.
the century-long great efforts scientists have made, artificial photosynthesis
is still not in the hands of scientists. That much it is difficult. So
it still remains as a dream. Considering that the natural photosynthesis
is the outcome of over 3 billion years of evolution, we can conceive that
it will be very difficult to develop artificial photosynthesis within
the rate of global warming is increasing every year, causing rapid climate
changes. It has already started giving human beings pain and will eventually
threaten the mankind. All of this is caused by burning fossil fuels, causing
the increase in concentration of carbon dioxide in the air. As a possible
means to stop it, efforts have been directed at the replacement of fossil
fuels with the renewable energy such as solar energy, hydroelectric power,
wind mill, tidal electricity generation, geothermal energy, and bio fuels.
Among these, solar energy is most affluent and promising.
conventional way to utilize solar energy is to convert it to electricity.
However, electricity is not suitable as the energy for high capacity transportation
vehicles such as aircrafts, ships, and trucks. Furthermore, it is difficult
to store and storage requires heavy battery. Also storage is a very slow
process. This is the reason why now scientists have to develop artificial
Korea Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (KCAP) was established in Sogang
University on September 30, 2009. Our intimate goal is to develop basic
science which will enable artificial photosynthesis. Our final goal is
to develop commercially viable artificial photosynthesis process. We also
made a Memorandum of Understanding with the Helios-Solar Energy Research
Center (SERC) in Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (LBNL), in U.S. on international
people have helped us to establish KCAP. I would like to take this opportunity
to thank them all. I strongly believe that KCAP will have the honor to
contribute to the welfare of human beings. It will also contribute to
the Korean economy. We still need your strong support.